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Our Research Breakthroughs & Stories

Veterans Medical Research Foundation announces two new clinical trial awards from the Congressional Directed Medical Research Program were awarded to Dr. Sonya Norman.

Monday, February 12, 2024

SONYA NORMAN, PhD   She directs the U.S. National Center for PTSD’s PTSD Consultation Program, is a researcher in the VA’s Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health. and is a Professor of Psychiatry at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine and

DOD Grant Number: HT9425-23-1-0861

Project Period: 09/01/2023-05/31/2027

Title: Clinical Effectiveness and Implementation of Trauma-Informed Guilt Reduction Therapy

Compared to Prolonged Exposure (TriGR)

Contracting/Performing Organizations: Veterans Medical Research Foundation of San Diego

         San Diego Veterans Administration Healthcare System

OVERVIEW

This project proposes to establish whether trauma-informed guilt reduction therapy (TrIGR) is effective for a large group of veterans (anyone who served post 9/11 with guilt from any kind of trauma) and whether it is as effective as longer treatments already available within sessions of TrIGR are noninferior to 12 sessions of prolonged exposure (PE) in reducing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity among veterans with PTSD who endorse trauma-related guilt symptoms and superiority in reducing trauma-related guilt and shame, explore treatment differences in change in suicidal ideation and dropout, explore mechanisms of change, and explore if guilt and shame mediate the relationship between treatment condition and PTSD, functioning, and depression outcomes. A hybrid type I randomized treatment clinical trial will be performed. The intervention is administration of TrIGR over 6 weekly sessions and administration of PE over 12 weekly sessions with assessments of primary and secondary outcomes at baseline, 8, 16, and 28 weeks after the first therapy session. The projected results are an understanding of the effectiveness of TrIGR.

DOD Grant Number: HT94252310669

Project Period: 09/01/2023-05/31/2027

Title: Clinical Effectiveness and Implementation of Massed Prolonged Exposure for PTSD Among

Veterans in Intensive Outpatient Substance Use Treatment (MPE/PTSD)

Contracting/Performing Organizations: Veterans Medical Research Foundation of San Diego

         San Diego Veterans Administration Healthcare System

 

OVERVIEW

This project proposes to evaluate the effectiveness of massed prolonged exposure therapy (M-PE) delivery in substance use disorder (SUD) intensive outpatient programming (IOP) in reducing dropout rates and improving outcomes as compared to weekly PE (WPE) delivery. The specific aims are to (1) compare the effectiveness of M-PE to W-PE concurrent to IOP SUD treatment in impacting posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and PE completion; (2) compare differences in treatment arms on patient-centered outcomes, including percent days with drug use or heavy drinking, functioning, depressive symptoms, suicidal-related thoughts, and participant satisfaction; (3) conduct a mixed-method process evaluation to understand patients, providers, and clinical -PE, explore barriers and facilitators to integrating M-PE into IOP SUD treatments within Veterans Affairs (VA) and DOD, and identify strategies for widespread implementation. The application outlines a mixed-method 2-group hybrid type I effectiveness/implementation randomized clinical trial. The intervention is that M-PE (delivered 4 days per week over up to 3 weeks) will be compared to PE delivered as usual (i.e., weekly; W-PE) initiated concurrent to IOP SUD treatment programs in 4 VA clinics. The projected results are to learn about barriers and facilitators to implementing M-PE in IOP SUD settings and enable identification of potential implementation strategies for spread in VA and DOD communities as warranted effective PTSD treatments.

New hope for Veterans with traumatic brain injury
Patient receiving treatment
The use of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for headaches related to mTBI involves four 5-minute treatment sessions within the first week, with single sessions, repeated every four to eight weeks as needed.

Friday, December 15, 2017

Dr. Albert Leung and his team at VA San Diego Healthcare System (VASDHS) Center for Pain and Headache Research have pioneered a treatment for headache pain associated with mTBI.  Using transcranial magnetic stimulation, or TMS, clinicians take an electromagnetic coil – charge it with electricity, and apply it to specific points on the skull. Using brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based neuronavigation guidance, Dr. Leung’s team can accurately and consistently deliver a targeted magnetic field to specific brain areas.  TMS is FDA approved for major depression and certain types of migraines that don’t respond to other treatments; and, up until now has had limited research on the potential of TMS for treating other types of headaches. More

Man testing his blood pressure

Self-Management of Blood Pressure for Hypertensive Veterans (SMART)

We are looking for individuals with high blood pressure. More

Veteran standing in front of flag

"I have always known someone in the family with Diabetes or Hypertension. I eagerly volunteered to participate in MVP so I can help... More

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